The abstract art form grew out of a departure from realism started by the Impressionists, Expressionist and Cubist styles that emerged in 19th century. Abstract art elevates color and shape as the subject of the work over representation of real world objects depending on the degree of abstraction used by the artist. This departure from reality is often linked with the discoveries of science which demonstrated that there is more to life than what one can see with the naked eye. The beginning of the movement is credited to Russian artist Kandinsky (Picture of a Circle) and Francis Picabia (Caoutchouc). the NY Times (What Abstract Art Achieved) credits Jackson Pollock as today’s most celebrated representative of the Abstract art style. Current movements in the Abstract art style include Minimalism, Op Art and Neo-Geo.