Renaissance art refers to art created during the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries in Europe. The transition from the middle ages to modernity took place during this time as the power of the Church declined and new freedoms emerged the economy of much of Europe flourished. That prosperity of the times can be seen reflected in much of the art and architecture of the period, notably the grandiose frescoes of Michelangelo and Raphael.
The period also saw great advances in scientific thought and no better exemplifies the period than Leonardo da Vinci, often referred to as the true Renaissance Man. da Vinci made important contributions in many different fields but he is best known as a painter. His painting Salvator Mundi was painted using oil paints that were just emerging at the time. Selling for $450 million in 2017, it is the highest priced painting ever sold. (Euronews:World’s Most Expensive Paintings)